33 English Words about Family – You Think You Know Them All?


When it comes to learning English vocabulary topic, family is probably one of the most popular topics that we need to learn to be able to communicate fluently with other people.

So how many English words about family do you already know? Let’s check out our blog post below to test your family-related vocabulary and learn some more!

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English Vocabulary about Family

1. Theme 1 – Family

Từ vựng tiếng Anh về gia đình - parent Parent  noun /ˈpɛrənt/

a mother or father

Example: Has Joe met your parents yet? 

Từ vựng tiếng Anh về gia đình - offspring Offspring noun /‘ɔf,sprɪŋ/

The immediate descendants of a person

Example: She was the mother of many offspring. 

Từ vựng tiếng Anh về gia đình - sibling Sibling noun /‘sɪblɪŋ/

A person’s brother or sister

Example: I have two siblings, one elder brother and one younger sister. 

Từ vựng tiếng Anh về gia đình - Folks Folks  noun /foʊks/

Your parents

Example: He wrote to his folks every day.

Từ vựng tiếng Anh về gia đình - Husband Husband noun /ˈhʌzbənd/

the man that somebody is married to; a married man

Example: That was the day she met her future husband. 

Từ vựng tiếng Anh về gia đình - wife Wife noun /waɪf/  

the woman that somebody is married to; a married woman

Example: I’ve never met William’s wife. 

Let’s watch the video below about The Simpson’s introduction to review the words we’ve just learned!

2. Theme 2 – Relatives

Từ vựng tiếng Anh về gia đình - Grandmother Grandmother noun /ˈɡrænˌmʌðər/

the mother of a person’s father or mother

Example: My grandmother has readied the lunch before I got home. 

Từ vựng chủ đề gia đình - Grandson Grandson noun /ˈɡrænsʌn/

the son of a person’s son or daughter

Example: He is the grandson of the director. 

Từ vựng tiếng Anh về gia đình - Relatives Relative noun /ˈrɛlət̮ɪv/

a member of your family, especially one who does not live with you, for example, a grandparent or cousin

Example: I traveled to Crete with his family to visit his relatives there.

Từ vựng tiếng Anh về gia đình - Uncle Uncle noun /ˈʌŋkl/

the brother of your mother or father, or the husband of your aunt

Example: I’ve just become an uncle.

Từ vựng tiếng Anh về gia đình - Aunt Aunt noun /ænt/

the sister of your mother or father, or the wife of your uncle

Example: My aunt is a poor person. 

Từ vựng tiếng Anh về gia đình - Cousin Cousin noun /ˈkʌzn/

a child of your aunt or uncle, or, more generally, a distant (not close) relation

Example: They are my cousin from Vietnam.

Từ vựng tiếng Anh về gia đình - Nephew Nephew noun /ˈnɛfju/

a son of your sister or brother, or a son of the sister or brother of your husband or wife

Example: My nephew turns 2 today. 

Từ vựng tiếng Anh về gia đình - Niece Niece noun /nis/

a daughter of your brother or sister, or a daughter of your husband’s or wife’s brother or sister

Example: My niece can draw very well.

Master the words above with this interesting video!

3. Theme 3 – The In-Laws

Từ vựng tiếng Anh về gia đình - mother in law Mother-in-law noun /ˈmʌðər ɪnˌlɔ/

the mother of your husband or wife

Example: I don’t like my mother-in-law. 

Từ vựng tiếng Anh về gia đình - Son in law Son-in-law noun /ˈsʌn ɪn lɔ/

the man who is married to your daughter

Example: Her son-in-law is a nice guy. 

Từ vựng tiếng Anh về gia đình - Daughter in law Daughter-in-law noun ˈdɔt̮ər ɪn lɔ/

the woman who is married to your son

Example: She is my daughter-in-law. 

Từ vựng tiếng Anh về gia đình - Brother in law Brother-in-law noun /ˈbrʌðər ɪn lɔ/

The husband of your sister, or the brother of your husband or wife, or the man who is married to the sister of your wife or husband

Example: I don’t know my brother-in-law very well.

Từ vựng tiếng Anh về gia đình - Sister in law Sister-in-law noun /ˈsɪstər ɪnˌlɔ/

the sister of your husband or wife; your brother’s wife; the wife of your husband or wife’s brother

Example: My sister-in-law is a friendly person.


  • Plural case: two sons-in-law; three daughters-in-law; brothers-in-law; sisters-in-law.
  • Possessive case: my father-in-law’s house; my sister-in-law’s car.

Watch the video below to understand better about these words.

4. Theme 4 – The Extended Family & The Family Mix

Từ vựng tiếng Anh về gia đình - Stepmother Stepmother noun /ˈstɛpˌmʌðər/

the woman who is married to your father but who is not your real mother

Example: Cinderella’s stepmother is an evil woman.

Từ vựng tiếng Anh về gia đình - Cinderella Stepchild noun /ˈstɛptʃaɪld/

a child of your husband or wife by an earlier marriage

Example: Could a stepchild love their new mother?

Từ vựng tiếng Anh về gia đình - Stepsister Stepsister noun /‘stɛp,brəðər/

a sister who has only one parent in common with you

Example: She is my stepsister. 

Từ vựng tiếng Anh về gia đình - Halfbrother Half-brother noun /hæf ˈbrʌðər/

a brother who has either the same mother or the same father as you

Example: Michel’s half-brother is a famous singer. 

Từ vựng tiếng Anh về gia đình - Adopt Adopt verb /əˈdɑpt/

to take another person’s child legally into your own family to raise as your own child

Example: He was adopted when he was six.

Từ vựng tiếng Anh về gia đình - Orphan Orphan noun /ɔrfən/

a child who does not have parents

Example: Steve Jobs was an orphan. 

Từ vựng tiếng Anh về gia đình - Ancestor Ancestor noun /‘ænsɛstər/

Someone from whom you are descended (but usually more remote than a grandparent)

Example: Our ancestor discovered fire long time ago. 

Từ vựng tiếng Anh về gia đình - Forefather Forefather noun /‘foʊr,fɑðər/

The founder of a family

Example: We should keep the faith of our forefathers.

Từ vựng tiếng Anh về gia đình - Descendant Descendant noun /dɪ’sɛndənt/

A person considered as descended from some ancestor

Example: Descendant of the Sun was a famous Korean series. 

Từ vựng tiếng Anh về gia đình - Heir Heir noun /ɜr/

A person who is entitled by law or by the terms of a will to inherit the estate of another

Example: Paris Hilton is a rich heir of the Hilton family. 

Từ vựng tiếng Anh về gia đình - Family free Family tree noun /ˈfæmli ˈtri/

a drawing that shows all the members of a family, usually over a long period of time, and how they are related to each other.

Example: Our family tree has been started over 100 years. 

Từ vựng tiếng Anh về gia đình - Genealogy Genealogy noun /,dʒini’ɑlədʒi/

Successive generations of kin

Example: Genealogy study is the study or investigation of ancestry and family history. 

Từ vựng tiếng Anh về gia đình - Godfather Godfather noun /ˈɡɑdˌfɑðər/

a male godparent

Example: His godfather is really a gangster. 

Từ vựng tiếng Anh về gia đình - Godchild Godchild noun /ɡɑd,ʧaɪld/

An infant who is sponsored by an adult (the godparent) at baptism

Example: His godchild is an angel.

We’ve just learned quite a lot of English vocabulary about family. Let’s master all of them by practicing the exercises below.


1. Multiple Choice

1. My mother’s daughter is my

a. aunt

b. cousin

c. sister

2. My mother’s mother is my

a. auntie

b. great aunt

c. grandmother

3. My father’s son is my

a. uncle

b. cousin

c. brother

4. My step-mother’s son is my

a. step-brother

b. brother-in-law

c. step-son

5. My brother’s daughter is my

a. nephew

b. niece

c. cousin

6. My aunt’s children are my

a. step-children

b. cousins

c. nephews and nieces

7. My grandpa’s father is my

a. great uncle

b. great grandpa

c. great great grandpa

8. My dad’s brother is my

a. uncle

b. cousin

c. brother-in-law

9. My sister’s husband is my

a. brother-in-law

b. sibling

c. husband-in-law

10. My female spouse is my

a. grandmother

b. mother-in-law


2. Visual Vocabulary Practice

Choose a photo of your family, then try to figure out how you are related to each person in the photograph and how you call them in English.

(For example: grandmother, grandfather, mother…)

3. Reading Comprehension

Paul and Kerry McDonald would like to welcome their new son Christopher Casey to the clan! Weighing 4.2 kilograms, Chris was born on January 2nd at 3:30pm. He will join sister Rachel, 6 and brother Malcolm, 4 in the McDonald household in Vancouver, Canada. Christopher’s proud aunts Kathy McDonald and Sherry Smith were present at his birth. Grandparents, Lisa and Mike Smith were also present. Chris’s grandmother in Texas will be arriving soon to meet her new grandson. Cousins Jerry, Fern, and Lindsay can’t wait to meet baby Chris too! The proud parents would like to thank all of their extended family for the warm wishes and gifts.

  • What is Christopher’s mother’s name?
  • Who are Christopher’s siblings?
  • How is Kathy McDonald related to the newborn?
  • Who will be coming to see Chris soon?
  • Who is Kathy in relation to Kerry?

Share your answers in the comment section below.

So above is our list of 33 essential English words about family. If you’d like to learn more vocabulary about other topics, then visit eJOY GO and get access to the 3000 Smart Word list. Happy learning and don’t forget to learn English vocabulary with eJOY eXtension!

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