Trong Writing Task 2, đề bài sẽ yêu cầu bạn đưa ra ý kiến về một luận điểm nào đó, đồng thời đưa ra lí do chứng minh cho luận điểm đó.

Vấn đề về quyền động vật hiện đang là một trong những mối quan tâm hàng đầu trên thế
giới. Bài viết dưới đây trình bày về 7 lí do chính vì sao bạn nên dừng việc ăn thịt động vật.


Still putting together meals while adhering to the old custom of having meat and two veg?

How 2016 of you, as new research shows that more than one in four Britons are now favouring a vegetarian lifestyle.
Some 28 percent of meat-eating Brits have reduced their meat consumption in the last six months, a new report by industry analysts Mintel claims, with 14 per cent expressing interest in limiting meat and poultry in their diets in the future.

The decrease in meat-eating is particularly prevalent amongst young people, with 19 per cent of those under 25 saying that they don’t eat red meat or poultry. This rose to 25 per cent for women in this age group.

It’s a trend that’s being felt by supermarkets too, with the meat-free market set to reach £572m this year.

So why the sudden change in tune?

Animal welfare
As the number one reason (54 per cent) for Brits choosing to avoid meat, the ethical treatment of animals clearly still plays an important role in the way we think about food.
The poor farming conditions and mistreatment of animals across the world has been well-
documented by popular films such as Cowspiracy and Forks Over Knives.
Health concerns
Whilst traditionally vegetarians might have been motivated by an interest in animal
welfare, many of the avocado-obsessed Brits of today are reducing their meat intake
purely out of health concerns, with 49 per cent acknowledging that too much meat might
be bad for their health.Endless studies have shown that meat-eaters are more susceptible
to heart disease. Not to mention the new controversial Netflix documentary, What The
Health, which claims that eating eggs is as bad for us as smoking cigarettes.
Weight management
Coming in as the third reason for people choosing to forgo meat 29 per cent of Brits
believe that cutting it out might help with weight loss goals. They’re onto something, as a
recent study showed that a vegetarian diet is twice as effective for weightless as meat-
driven mealplans.

Animal Rights - eat healthy

Health food bloggers
The rise in online health food gurus in popular culture is more influential than you might
think, with 16 percent of Brits admitting that plant-based bloggers like Deliciously Ella
have impacted their decision to avoid meat products. “Following a meat-free diet is likely
to be aspirational to many consumers and social media is playing an important role in
the attraction of this endeavour,” explains Emma Clifford, senior food analyst at Mintel.
Environmental worries
Interestingly, people under 25 cited this as their leading reason for avoiding meat,
whereas just 24 percent in total of those surveyed said the same. “Flagging up that
consumers are making a choice which is good for the environment and which can help to
create a greener future in the long-term is likely to be a persuasive selling point,” Clifford
explains. “I feel like I was actively ignorant to the meat industry before I started cutting it
out,” explained 23-year-old Oenone. “I knew that if I did research into the ethics of it that
it would push me towards a more plant-based diet,” the health and fitness
blogger told The Independent. “I’m doing it incrementally, I’ve pretty much cut out
dairy, eggs will be quite hard”, she confessed.
Public campaigns
39 percent of meat reducers attributed campaigns such as Meat-free Mondays –
supported by Jamie Oliver – and National Vegetarian Week for their decision to forgo
their meaty tendencies. According to their website, 67 percent of people who partook in
Veganuary – whereby non vegans follow a strict vegan diet for the entire month of
January – will remain vegan. Plus, 97 percent of participants reported feeling healthier,
with 87 percent claiming to feel more energised.

Everyone knows that a box of eggs is cheaper than a fillet steak, so it’s unsurprising that some Brits, particularly young ones, are simply avoiding meat as a matter of cost-effectiveness. “I’ve never been a huge meat eater but think I eat even less than I used to,” 24-year-old Lucy told The Independent. “I never buy meat at home, but if I’m out at a restaurant I might have a burger or another meaty dish, and a lot of my friends are the same. I know I’m saving money by not buying meat but that isn’t the main reason for me – nor is the environment, even though I’m pleased with that positive side too – I simply find it easier to cook vegetarian dishes and I really enjoy them. There are so many great vegetarian recipes around these days that I feel spoilt for choice and they’re so delicious,” she explained.

(Source link: here)


Ordinal numbers Words Word classes Phonemic transcription EN definition VN definition
1 vegetarian noun UK /ˌvedʒ.ɪˈteə.ri.ən/

US ​  /-ˈter.i-/

a person who does not eat meat for health or religious reasons or because they want to avoid being cruel to animals Người ăn chay
2 poultry noun UK /ˈpəʊl.tri/

US ​  /ˈpoʊl.tri/

birds, such as chickens, that are bred for their eggs and meat thịt gia cầm/ gia cầm
3 dairy adjective UK /ˈdeə.ri/

US  /ˈder.i/

used to refer to cows that are used for producing milk, rather than meat, or to foods that are made from milk, such as cream, butter, and cheese đồ ăn làm từ bơ sữa
4 meaty adjective UK ​ /ˈmiː.ti/  

US ​ /ˈmiː.t̬i/

full of meat or tasting a lot of meat có nhiều thịt
5 Veganuary noun whereby non vegans follow a strict vegan diet for the entire month of


tháng ăn chay (tháng 1)
6 fillet noun UK​ /ˈfɪl.ɪt/

US  /ˈfɪl.ɪt/

a piece of meat or fish without bones thịt róc xương, cá róc xương
7 avocado-obsessed adjective UK /ˌæv.əˈkɑː.dəʊ əbˈsest/

US /ˌæv.əˈkɑː.doʊ əbˈsest/

too interested in eating avocado quá thích thú với việc ăn bơ
8 meat intake noun UK /miːt ˈɪn.teɪk/

US /miːt ˈɪn.teɪk/

the amount of meat that is eaten during a particular time lượng thịt ăn trong một khoảng thời gian nhất định
9 meat and two veg phrase UK /miːt ænd tuː vedʒ/

US /miːt ænd tuː vedʒ/

a stereotypical standard dinner, with a meat and two kinds of vegetable. Một bữa tối tiêu chuẩn theo khuôn mẫu, với thịt và hai loại rau
10 meat consumption noun phrase UK /miːt kənˈsʌmp.ʃən/

US /miːt kənˈsʌmp.ʃən/

the amount of meat used or eaten Lượng thịt tiêu thụ
11 red meat noun UK /ˌred ˈmiːt/

US /ˌred ˈmiːt/

meat from mammals, especially beef and lamb thịt từ động vật có vú, đặc biệt là thịt bò và thịt cừu
12 meat-free adjective UK /miːt friː/

US /miːt friː/

(of food or a diet) not containing meat. (thực phẩm hoặc chế độ ăn) không chứa thịt
13 meat-eater noun UK /miːt ˈiː.tər/

US /miːt ˈiː.t̬ɚ/

a person whose diet includes meat một người có chế độ ăn uống bao gồm thịt
14 plant-based adjective UK /ˈplɑːntˌbeɪst/ US /ˈplæntˌbeɪst/ consisting or made entirely of plants, or mainly of plants bao gồm hoặc làm hoàn toàn từ thực vật, hoặc chủ yếu là thực vật


Một số cụm từ đáng lưu ý khi bạn liệt kê nguyên nhân, lí do:
1) As the number one reason: là lí do số một
2) Whilst: trong khi
3) Not to mention: chưa kể tới
4) Coming in as the third reason: là lí do thứ ba

Bài viết trên đã trình bày khá chặt chẽ các lí do vì sao nên ngừng ăn thịt động vật:

  1. Animal welfare (Quyền lợi của động vật – cần đối xử nhân đạo đối với động vật)
  2. Health concerns (Những mối quan tâm về sức khỏe – Ăn quá nhiều thịt có thể có hại cho sức khỏe)
  3. Weight management (Kiểm soát cân nặng – Giảm lượng thịt trong khẩu phần ăn có thể giúp bạn kiểm soát cân nặng tốt hơn)
  4. Health food bloggers (Bloggers nói về vấn đề nên hạn chế ăn các sản phẩm làm từ thịt)
  5. Environmental worries (Mối lo ngại về môi trường: ngừng ăn thịt động vật và các sản phẩm phụ để bảo vệ môi trường)
  6. Public campaigns (Các chiến dịch cộng đồng như tháng ăn chay, ngày ăn chay, tuần lễ ăn chay)
  7. Money (Chi phí – Hạn chế ăn thịt động vật có thể cắt giảm lượng tiền mua thức ăn)

Question: A growing number of people feel that animals should not be exploited by people and that they should have the same rights as humans, while others argue that humans must employ animals to satisfy their various needs, including uses for food and research.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Bạn hãy đưa ra ý kiến và cùng trao đổi trong comment phía dưới nhé!

—————- 🔽 🔽 🔽—————-

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