IELTS Writing task 1 provides candidates with the images of table/ chart/ or diagram and asks you to write a 150-word paragraph to describe them. However, we usually get stuck with idea for downward trend nouns. As the result, it is not difficult to see some random test takers’ essays with the word “decrease” repeating for almost 5 times.

Keep using one word too many times not only lowers your band score but also makes your article become very boring to read. The reason is that this is also one of your marking criteria, lexical resource (accounts for 25% of the total mark), which means your ability to use a wide range of new words.

In order to prevent that consequence, it is obvious that you have to learn more to diversify your vocabulary, especially in comparing statistics or describing trends. This somehow might freak you out a little bit since there are too many things and you do not know where to start. It is ok, eJOY will give you a hand with that. This article will bring you 10 nouns to illustrate the downward trend. In particular, the last section will recommend some tips for you to remember those words, eliminate the stress of being short on vocabulary. Without further ado, let’s dive into it.

What is special about the list of nouns describing trends composed by eJOY?

Instead of just giving you a list of new words along with their meanings, eJOY has been working harder, gathering more information in order to come up with a brand new list. This list provides words, their meanings, and some examples of how to use them in different contexts. This will  help you to clarify the nuance of those words as well as memories them The list will contain:

  • Transcription

There is a fact that if you just write a word, but do not know how to pronounce it, then the chances are that you will forget about it sooner or later. In addition, you will struggle with making use of the word properly in different contexts such as conversation or presentation.

  • English meaning

When studying English, one of the common mistakes of learners is always trying to translate new words into Vietnamese. On the one hand, it might help you to memorize easier, however, the negative impact is that it could cause you to be dependent on the Vietnamese meaning all the time. Moreover, you are likely to study English in the Vietnamese way of thinking. Day by day, this will turn into a big obstacle for you to absorb a language.

If it confuses you, take this as an example. You all know the meaning of the word “book”, which is an object you use to read. Nevertheless, in the sentence “I want to book a room.”, “book” means the action of arranging to have a room at a certain time in the future. So, depends on each specific context, the word can have a different meaning.

Languages go hand in hand with culture
Languages go hand in hand with culture (Source: Unsplash)
  • Example

The last element in the list is examples which give you a hint about how to use these words in real conversations so that it can be as natural and sounds like a native speaker as possible. So, do not miss it.

Nouns of downward trend describing for IELTS Writing task 1

No. Word Phonetic English meaning Example
1 decline UK /dɪˈklaɪn/

US /dɪˈklaɪn/

a continuous decrease in the number, value, quality, etc. of something The company reported a small decline in its profits.
2 decrease UK /ˈdiː.kriːs/ US /ˈdiː.kriːs/ a reduction There has been a steady decrease in the number of visitors.
3 dip UK /dɪp/

US /dɪp/

a reduction in something, or the fact of something moving to a lower level The dip in revenue does not mean the industry’s several-year winning streak is coming to an end.
4 drop UK /drɒp/

US /drɑːp/

a reduction in the amount or level of something The recent drop in magazine subscriptions is causing some concern.
5 fall UK /fɔːl/

US /fɑːl/

the fact of the size, amount, or strength of something getting lower a fall in the price of petrol/the unemployment rate
6 slump UK /slʌmp/

US /slʌmp/

a fall in the price, value, sales, etc. of something There’s been a slump in the demand for new cars.
7 depletion UK /dɪˈpliː.ʃən/ US /dɪˈpliː.ʃən/ a reduction in something Increased expenditure has caused a depletion in our capital/funds.
8 downturn UK /ˈdaʊn.tɜːn/

US /ˈdaʊn.tɝːn/

a reduction in the amount or success of something, such as a country’s economic activity There is evidence of a downturn in the housing market.
9 reduction UK /rɪˈdʌk.ʃən/US /rɪˈdʌk.ʃən/ the act of making something, or of something becoming, smaller in size, amount, degree, importance, etc. huge price reductions
10 slide UK /slaɪd/

US /slaɪd/

the process of becoming worse, lower, or less The corporation’s shares ended the day at 509p, a slide of 13p.


How to memorize these new words?

As to fill in your brain with all of these new words, you had better:

  • Write down all the words in your vocab notebook
  • Practice making sentences using these words
  • Remind yourself to study every day till it becomes a habit

Anyway, these are just the fundamental steps for you to follow. Not everyone can do that for the reason of time or something else. In addition, it might make you lose heart because, to be honest, it is kind of boring to do so every day.

Therefore, if you find your own way of studying new words, just try following it to see if it works or not. However, as an English learner as well, from my very own experience, I will share with you a tool that I have been using for a while to help my English studying become easier and interesting. It is eJOY app, with a click only, all the steps above can be done in a blink.

My 4 steps to learn vocabulary

  1. Download the eJOY app
  2. Choose a new word, double-click to highlight it to know the meaning in both English and Vietnamese
  3. Save the meaning
  4. Play games with the words many times in the eJOY Game Center
Looking up words using eJOY Extension
Looking up words using eJOY Extension

One of the superior points is that you do not need to think about when you have to revise those words again and how you can remember them. eJOY got you back by relying on the Spaced Repetition Algorithm. According to it, the words you have learned today will be forgotten in time. So, the solution is to remind you at the time you about to forget them. In addition, eJOY will tell you which word to study day by day.

eJOY reminds you to learn words everyday
eJOY reminds you to learn words every day

Not yet, eJOY is connected to the videos on YouTube that consist of the words you are learning, so you will have chances to play games with them. With the app, you can improve your English quickly to be fluent and natural as native speakers.

Learn words while you play games
Learn words while you play games

Observations are the best teacher. Experience yourself and enjoy. Download the app and use it free right now.

Download eJOY app free now

Do not forget to leave your comments below to let us know if you have any questions about studying IELTS Vocabulary.

You can also check out my other post about nouns for upward trend describing right here. Good luck.